Education is the process of developing the powers of the individual harmoniously, and adjusting him to the social environment by modifying his behaviour. In his view, it is quite probable that there are connections between “psychic performances and the organization of the brain.”. Hence, psychology is intimately related to sociology. The Behaviourists seek to reduce psychology to physiology which is a biological science. Therefore, i can help the education of the child, the adolescent and the adult. There is a close correlation between the organization of the brain and arrangements of the contents of consciousness. Physical sciences investigate the nature of physical stimuli apart from their relation to an individual. It is concerned with the validity of knowledge. It is the meeting ground of psychology and sociology. Psychology is defined as the science which studiesall (kinds of) laws of thought. TOS4. Psychological principles have been very successfully applied to educational designs. -- Many different sciences may be concerned with one and the same subject, if they study different properties in it, and, consequently, consider it from different points of view. The relation between psychological science and biological science is very close. Thus Psychology is the basis of Epistemology. Content Guidelines 2. A teacher should utilize the principles of psychology to develop the child’s powers of observation, attention, memory, imagination, thinking, emotion, volition, and character. To do psychology, we need to use logic. Logic considers them in so far as they are cognitions of objects, objective representations , abstract and universal, furnishing the matter of the relations which reason formulates in judgments … Psychology deals with the behaviour pattern of an individual in relation to the environment which is physical as well as social. But there is a difference between psychology and physical sciences in the treatment of physical objects. Metaphysics or Ontology enquires into the ultimate nature of the reality that is known. But Logic is not identical with the psychology of thinking, because psychology is a positive science, while Logic is a normative science. The external world or light, sound, taste, smell, heat, cold, etc., constitute the physical environment. After reading this article you will learn about the relationship between Psychology and Other Sciences. Physiology, on the other hand, studies the nature of all kinds of physiological processes—the functions of all organs of the body. It does not study the nature of all kinds of physiological processes. Nevertheless, the laws of logic are conditioned by the laws according to which the human personality thinks. Normative-prescri… Logic considers them in so far as they are cognitions of objects, objective representations, abstract and universal, furnishing the matter of the relations which reason formulates in judgments and reasonings, and arranges in a scientific system. All types of logical thinking are limited by the limitations of the human mind. Psychology assumes the possibility of knowledge and merely traces its growth and development in an individual mind. It studies the behaviour of the individual and the group. The environment acts on the mind through the sense-organs; and the mind reacts to the environment through the muscles. Epistemology enquires into the conditions of the validity of knowledge. Psychology is related to Ontology or Metaphysics. They do away with the concept of mind or consciousness. Psychology is related to epistemology. Psychology is the science of the behaviour of the individual in relation to the environment. Before publishing your Articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Hence, psychology studies the nature of the different kinds of behaviour. Psychology is what we understand of this part of the world that is the human mind as a physical process. So mental processes are closely related to bodily processes. Researches in the field of physiological psychology have thrown valuable light on the nature of human personality and telic behaviour. Sociology, on the other hand, is concerned with the role that an individual plays in society. The sense-organs and muscles are organs of the body. Ergo, logic is a part of psychology. Psychology is a science of the experience and behaviour. We should know the nature of reasoning before we can investigate the conditions of its validity. It does not study those physiological processes which are not related to mental processes, because it is primarily concerned with mental processes and behaviour. Physiological psychology has developed with great strides by adopting the concepts and techniques from other allied disciplines like neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, endocrinology, pharmacology, cellular physiology, and biochemistry. But experience presupposes the duality of subject and object, both of which are real. During recent years the relation between psychological science and logic is very close. It enquires into the nature of knowing as a fact. However, in spite of the fact that there is close relation between psychology and sociology there are certain points of difference between the two. Psychology deals with knowing as a fact. Psychology and sociology are concerned with the study of behaviour of individuals in social setting. Behaviour is bodily reaction of an individual to the physical and social environment. It assumes the reality of the mind and the external world, and the mind’s capacity to know the world. It investigates into manners, customs and institutions of a society in all its stages of development from the savage to the civilized state. They study behaviour from different points of view. During the empirical phase of the development of psychological science it has been more concerned with experiments. The nature of inter-personal relationships has become quite intelligible through investigations in the field of psychology. Psychology deals with the process of reasoning or mental exploration of data whereas Logic deals with the result of mental exploration or finding a new relationship among the data. Sociology is primarily concerned with the study of the interrelationships between human personalities in social groups. Psychology deals with experiences, viz., knowing, feeling and willing. There are some differences between Psychology and Logic. They hold that consciousness emerges when the innate reactions fail to adapt the organism to the environment, and that higher mental processes are evolved in order to adjust the organism more and more effectively to the complex environment. Locke tried to solve the problems of epistemology by the psychological analysis of the process of knowing. Psychology tells us how we actually think while Logic- tells us how we ought to think in order to arrive at truth. Psychology enquires into the nature of knowing, feeling, and willing. Epistemology, on the other hand, enquires into the validity of knowledge. In psychology, as in all the sciences of the real, order is the necessary condition of science; but logic has this order for its object. Psychology is wider in scope than Logic, because it deals with all kinds of mental processes, viz., knowing, feeling and willing. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. It investigates the peculiar characteristics of the individuals which they acquire as members of groups. Metaphysics or Ontology deals with the ultimate nature of the self, the external world, and God. Parents, relatives, friends, enemies, playmates, companions and all the people with whom an individual comes into contact and interacts constitute his social environment. Psychology looks at the way we think, including fallacies that everyone is prone to, and tries to figure out why we think that way. It is further expected with the systematization of the theory of psychological science it would make more extensive use of symbolic logic. Psychology deals with concrete mental processes, viz., conception, judgement and reasoning as attended with feeling and willing, while Logic deals with the abstract mental products, viz., concepts, judgements and inferences divorced from feeling and willing. Psychology, sociology and social psychology are the various branches of social science. Psychology is a science of experience of an individual.
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