Many individuals identify as spiritual but not necessarily religious. By linking the self-employment choice of individuals to their religion, the paper empirically investigates whether or not individuals adhering to different religions differ with respect to their probability of becoming self-employed. He said he limited his study to white respondents because the relationship between religious affiliation and social class may vary by race. At first glance, it may seem that spirituality and religion go hand-in-hand. According to their analysis of data collected by the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health: Religion survey questions are used for many purposes, be it by business owners such as restaurant owners, corporate offices or even religious … People who have taken a class on world religions get 1.4 more questions right (out of 32) than the national average of 14.2, even after controlling for demographic factors, religious affiliation and other forms of religious education. Religion is not just part of the system of oppression, it can be independent of it if utilised by the working class against the ruling class. 2000. Schwadel is among the first to apply the birth cohort approach to the sociological study of religion. Springer Science. Smith, Christian. "Religious identity matters in politics," conclude the researchers, "but its effect is contingent on the individual's social … People… An expansive overview of social scientific research on religion and movements that emphasizes religion, including a section on religion and exclusion. Religious Affiliation by Median Household Income (2000): Household income, an indicator of social class, can also indicate what religious denomination a person is likely to embrace. Theoretical perspective Major assumptions; Functionalism: Religion serves several functions for society. As a social worker, this distinction can impact the role you take in your career. “Politics and Social Movements.” Pp. Executive summary. This paper explores the relationship between religion, social class, and occupational choice. These include (a) giving meaning and purpose to life, (b) reinforcing social unity and stability, (c) serving as an agent of social control of behavior, (d) promoting physical and psychological well-being, and (e) motivating people to work for positive social change. The term religion refers to a person’s beliefs, an affiliation with an institution, a shared cultural identity or participation in one’s traditional ceremonies or services. Upper class The most likely group to be religious and belong to traditional religions like churches because of their conservative ideology. the Social Science Research Council, sociologists Mark D. Regnerus and Jeremy E. Uecker reported on religious service attendance and religious dis-affiliation among young adults. 1-18 in Handbook of Religion and Social Institutions, edited by Helen Rose Ebaugh. For instance, an individual may identify as spiritual without following any specific religion or without attending a church. 1. America’s top income bracket is more likely than other groups to be Jewish, while the lowest bracket is more likely to be Jehovah’s Witnesses. 2005. between religious affiliation and three measures of social class: income, education and occupational prestige. 2 Table 1: Social Class Profiles of American Religious Groups Source: Religion in 20th-Century America by H. Schneider, 1952 Class Level Breakdown Denomination % Upper % Middle % Lower Christian Science 25 37 39 Episcopal 24 34 42 Congregational 24 43 34 Sherkat, Darren. "Women tend to want more government programs to support children, child care and social services, but this varies by biblical belief, race and social class," write the authors.

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